The remaining dry land still holds many unmapped territories and unexplored areas that are only now being revealed with the help of the latest laser scanning technology (LIDAR). Scientists even consider the 21st century to be the “new age of exploration”, as they are confident that the newly developed equipment will lead to legendary discoveries.
National Geographic explains in an article how little we have discovered so far.
When the National Geographic Society awarded its first archaeology grant to Hiram Bingham in 1912, the archaeologists headed off to Machu Picchu with one of the most advanced pieces of technology at that time: a Kodak panoramic camera.
More than a hundred years later, archaeologists have a staggering array of technological tools to employ, from remote-sensing equipment that allows us to see beyond the visual bandwidth to computers so powerful that they can process in a second what it would take humans thousands of years to do.